It helps to improve productivity and consequently food production. It can help provide income-generating opportunities. The extension is extremely important to help address availability, access and utilization issues. In addition, it generally improves nutritional counseling through home economy programs and improves the quality of rural life through community development.
The COVID-19 pandemic is intensifying the vulnerabilities and inadequacies of global food systems, understood as all activities and processes that affect the production, distribution and consumption of food. The first and most important thing is the importance of developing extension programs that promote food security and income generation in rural areas. Food availability is achieved when sufficient quantities of food are constantly available to all people in a country. Geographic disparities Remote Canadian communities are much more likely to be vulnerable to food insecurity.
The group stated that “57% of households in Nunavut reported some level of food insecurity and almost half of these households were severely food insecure (meaning that their members were suffering from an absolute lack of food). Whatever the explicit reasons or combination of reasons for food insecurity, these multidimensional problems cause individual vulnerability and, consequently, affect the family, the community and, ultimately, the nation. Successful SPFS projects, such as in Pakistan, demonstrate that food security and income generation can go hand in hand. Access depends on disposable household income, household income distribution, and food prices.
However, at present, agricultural extension services in developing countries are very poorly funded to carry out the activities necessary to achieve food security and, at the same time, protect the productive resource base in order to maintain the pace of population and economic growth. While specific solutions will vary from country to country, and even within each country, the general answers lie in interventions along the entire food supply chain, in the food environment and in the political economy that shapes trade, public spending and investment policies. When governments signed the WFS pledge in 1996 to reduce food insecurity by half, they recognized the importance of food security for general welfare and as a public benefit. Its main purpose is to ensure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead an active and healthy life.
The Summit launched bold new actions to advance the 17 SDGs, each of which is based to some extent on healthier, more sustainable and equitable food systems. Achieving this goal before the 2030 deadline will require a profound change in the global food and agriculture system. In addition to basic nutrition, food security is linked to economic stability, long-term health, women's empowerment and the environment.